The Muladhara Chakra is also called the Root Chakra and is the lowest of the seven main chakras.
- Mula = “root”, “base”, “beginning”
- Adhara = “support”
The root chakra is located at the lower end of the spine, in the area of the pelvic floor, tailbone, and perineum, and is open at the bottom.
The Muladhara Chakra is the basis of the human energy center and is also the seat of the Kundalini and thus the seat of the cosmic energy in man.
Muladhara Chakra Characteristics
The base chakra at the root of the spine is associated with the color red. The power of red energy helps one with their self-awareness and vitality. Red energy can help stabilize someone and connects one to the earth
Its element is the earth, the breeding ground from which life arises and on which life takes place. It is home and the source, constant, firm, heavy, and the most tangible of all elements. When we are grounded, we are connected to the basic energy of life.
The sense of smell is connected to the root chakra because when we are born, it is through it that we make the first contact with this new world.
The Bija mantra of Muladhara Chakra is LAM, which stands for the element earth. If we chant LAM, we can connect with the energy of the earth and give its upward movement the starting impulse. It frees us from insecurities associated with the root chakra and strengthens our focus. The mantras of the four petals are Vam, Sham, Scham, Sam.
The Muladhara Chakra has four petals, i.e. four main Nadis (energy channels) that emanate from it. The number four is also the number of the earth element and matter. The petals are red.
The Yantra of the Muladhara Chakra is an ocher yellow square. The square is the symbol of the earth element, matter.
God and Goddess
Ganesha is the aspect of God that governs the Muladhara Chakra. Ganesha is the elephant-headed god, he symbolizes firmness, the beginning, blessing, and perseverance.
Even Brahma is considered to be a governor of the Muladhara chakra. Brahma is the creator. And the Muladhara Chakra as the root chakra is the root of all creation.
The goddess in the Muladhara Chakra is Dakini. She is shown sitting on a red lotus. It is bright red, sometimes white, has a beautiful face with three eyes. Dakini has four arms, holds a trident, a staff with a skull. It is often represented with a swan and a drinking vessel, similar to Brahma.
Among the angels, Indra is assigned to the root chakra. He is shown born, 4-armed, sitting on a white elephant (Airavata).
Muladhara Chakra corresponds to Bhur Loka, also called Bhu Loka. Bhur Loka is the earth plane. This also corresponds to the Annamaya Kosha, the food shell, and Stuhla Sharira, the physical body.
The Kapha Dosha is also assigned to the Muladhara Chakra.
The root chakra animal is the elephant as the largest and heaviest mammal.
Above the Muladhara Chakra is Brahma Granthi (Knot). Brahma Granthi stands for the difficulty in moving from a gross perception to a subtle perception.
The motivations that are based in the Muladhara Chakra are eating, drinking, sleeping, so everything that has to do with self-preservation.
The positive qualities of the Muladhara Chakra are consistency, calm, endurance, balance, common sense, a sense of reality, thrift, adherence to principles.
On the physical level, the Muladhara chakra corresponds to all heavy and dense structures such as bones, teeth and nails. It affects the tailbone, adrenal glands, and the large intestine.
If the Muladhara chakra power is not activated, it can show up with lower back pain, bone diseases, constipation, selfishness, existential fears, and a lack of trust.
Muladhara Chakra Activation Benefits
The Kundalini, the primal energy, rests in it, curled up like a snake, and waits to be awakened. The muladhara chakra activation benefits are as follows:
- It is the place of our spiritual roots and the starting point of our spiritual development. Here we take in the energy of the earth and establish the connection to nature.
- It symbolizes the basis, the will to live, and the basic trust that we need when we set out on the path of experience. His energy gives us stability, security, and the strength that is necessary for development processes.
- The Muladhara Chakra also stands for birth and for being rooted in our life, for the acceptance and recognition of our origins, our family, and our body, which allows us to experience our existence.
- It gives us the down-to-earth grip we need if we want to be permanently successful in life.
Muladhara Chakra Activation
The Muladhara Chakra can be activated in a variety of ways:
- Special Muladhara Chakra meditations. In particular, visualization meditation of roots, a mountain, and a tree help to strengthen the Muladhara Chakra
- Affirmations like “I find access to my roots”, “I am well rooted”
- Special pranayamas
- Mantras such as the Bija Mantras of the Muladhara Chakra, Ganesha Mantras, other Prithivi Mantras
- Asanas, especially Paschimotthanasana, Matsyendrasana
- Mula Bandha, Ashwini Mudra
The 3 main Muladhara Chakra meditations for activation are as follows:
- Nasikagra Drishti (Nose Tip Gazing)
- Mula Bandha (Perineal contraction)
- Muladhara Chakra Location
1. Nasikagra Drishti (Nose Tip Gazing)
This practice is also known as “Agochari Mudra”. It is an excellent form of Tratak i.e concentrated gazing. This practice is an important and integral part of kriya yoga and it has to be practiced and perfected before undertaking some of kriya yoga practices.
2. Mula Bandha (Perineal contraction)
Mula bandha is like a master key for those dedicated yoga practitioners who want to unlock the abode of Kundalini power.
This bandha is a vital aspect of both Hatha and kundalini yoga. Mula Bandha is a simple yet dynamic practice with deep physical, mental, and spiritual benefits for the practitioner.
3. Muladhara Chakra Location
To know the exact location of muladhara chakra is very important in order to concentrate on this chakra.
Before starting any other practice for Root chakra balancing, you should be aware about its exact location in your body. Hence this practice is very important for Muladhara Chakra activation.
There is slight difference in practice for men and women. Here I am mentioning the practice for men and women separately.
Meditation: Root Chakra Location for Men
- Sit comfortably in a posture like “Siddhasana” or any other pose in which the heel is pressed against the perineum.
- Close your eyes, relax your body, and become aware of a complete physical body of yours. Stay in this position for 2-3 minutes.
- Bring your awareness to the point of contact between your heel and the perineum i.e. just in between the anus and the testes. Become intensely aware of the pressure exerted by your heel on the perineum.
- Concentrate on the pressure point.
- Now, bring your awareness towards your natural breath and feel like you are inhaling and exhaling through that pressure point about which you are aware.
- Feel the breath moving in and out through the perineum and develop a strong feeling of this fact. Let the breath become finer and finer so that it pierces the point where Muladhara chakra is located.
- As your awareness becomes more profound, your perineum will start contracting without your doing it. It is a psychophysical contraction.
- Repeat mentally, “Muladhara, Muladhara, Muladhara..”
- Maintain this awareness for 5 to 10 minutes and then return to the normal state.
Meditation: Root Chakra Location for Women
- Assume a comfortable sitting posture wither in “Siddha Yoni Asana” or any other pose.
- Relax the body, close your eyes, and become aware of your physical body.
- Bring down the awareness to the lower part of the body and identify the point where the heel is pressing against the opening of the Vagina. Become intensely aware of the distinct pressure at this point.
- Concentrate on the pressure point.
- Now become aware of your natural breath and feel it like you are inhaling and exhaling out of the pressure point. Maintain and intensify this feeling.
- Move your awareness from the pressure point to the base of the spine following the natural tract of the vagina i.e. moving up at a slight angle and towards the spine until you reach the opening of the womb.
- Now your awareness is at the opening of the womb which is about two or three centimeters inside the body, just below the base of the spine.
- Maintain your awareness at this point and start breathing in and out from the cervix to the point of pressure.
- With an inhalation, bring your awareness to the opening of the womb.
- With an exhalation, bring your awareness to the outer pressure point i.e. opening of the vagina.
- Within this area, you will find your point of Muladhara Chakra. Be aware of this point and repeat mentally “Muladhara, Muladhara, muladhara..”
- Maintain unbroken awareness of this point up to 5 minutes and then return back to the normal state.
Muladhara Chakra Mudra
Fold your fingers or bend them and let the ring fingers point downwards. Thumb and forefinger touch and come together in a circle. So you bend the other fingers together and then the ring fingers go down and the thumbs and forefingers interlock so that a circle is created there.
The ring fingers that point downwards represent the earth element. By putting your fingers down to the earth, you connect with the earth element. All other fingers are bent and pointing up, at least the little ones and the middle fingers pointing up. And thumb and forefinger are connected and so the energy goes up. Then your hands rest, you close your eyes and connect with Mother Earth.
Muladhara Mudra is especially good to feel rooted, to feel contact with Mother Earth, and to open yourself to her blessing power. Whenever in meditation you have the feeling that you are taking off too quickly, or that you need more rootedness in everyday life, you can practice this mudra.
Muladhara Chakra, Kanda, Sushumna and Kundalini
The Muladhara Chakra as root chakra is the basis of the whole energy center of the human being. The Kanda has its origin in the Muladhara Chakra, the so-called “tuber”, in which most Nadis (energy channels) are located. The three main Nadis, Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna, emanate from the Muladhara Chakra. So the energy rises through the subtle spine (Sushumna) from the Muladhara Chakra. Muladhara Chakra is also the seat of Kundalini and thus the seat of cosmic energy in humans.
Before the Kundalini rises, the root chakra must be strong. Only a strong root chakra can support the powerful Kundalini revival.
Other names and traditions for the Muladhara Chakra
- In Tantra: Adhara, Brahma Padma, Bhumi Chakra, Chaturdala, Chatuhpatra, Muladhara, Mooladhara, Mula Chakra, Mula Padma
- In the Vedas and Upanishads : Adhara, Brahma, Muladhara, Mulakanda
- In the Puranas: Adhara, Muladhara
- Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhism: There is no correspondence with the Muladhara Chakra, but there are two chakras in the Swadhisthana area, one of which can be assigned to the Muladhara
- There are various lataifs in the Sufi Lataif system that can be associated with Muladhara
- In Kabbalah, one can see the lowest of the Sephiroth, Malkuth, in correlation with the root chakra